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Violence Against North Korean Refugee Women: Doubly Victimized By Repatriation and Premigration Traumatic Experiences.

Authors
  • Kim, Eunyoung1
  • Yun, Minwoo2
  • von Denkowski, Cordula3
  • 1 Department of Police Administration and Criminal Justice, 26724Catholic Kwandong University, Gangneug, South Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 2 Department of Police Science and Security Studies, 65440Gachon University, Seongnam, South Korea. , (North Korea)
  • 3 Studiendekanin Abteilung Soziale Arbeit, 40242Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Violence against women
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2022
Volume
28
Issue
10
Pages
2424–2447
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10778012211032706
PMID: 34657523
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of traumatic events on the mental health of North Korean refugee women by examining the prevalence and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety in comparison with their male counterparts (women = 496; men = 131). Our results suggest that women are at greater risk of developing mental health problems than men. In particular, symptoms of PTSD and anxiety were higher among women who experienced forced repatriation to North Korea, which is operationalized as a constellation of gendered traumatic incidents such as sexual abuse, rape, witnessing infanticides, and forced abortion. The policy implications of our results and suggestions for future studies are discussed.

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