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Vigorous physical activity in relation to family affluence: time trends in Europe and North America.

Authors
  • Sigmundová, Dagmar1
  • Sigmund, Erik2
  • Tesler, Riki3
  • Ng, Kwok W4, 5
  • Hamrik, Zdenek6
  • Mathisen, Frida Kathrine Sofie7
  • Inchley, Jo8, 9
  • Bucksch, Jens10
  • 1 Institute of Active Lifestyle, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Tr. Miru 117, 77111, Olomouc, Czech Republic. [email protected] , (Czechia)
  • 2 Institute of Active Lifestyle, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Tr. Miru 117, 77111, Olomouc, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 3 Department of Health Systems Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel. , (Israel)
  • 4 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. , (Ireland)
  • 5 School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 6 Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacký University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 7 Department of Health Promotion and Development, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. , (Norway)
  • 8 MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.
  • 9 School of Medicine, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St. Andrews, UK.
  • 10 Department of Prevention and Health Promotion, Faculty of Natural and Human Sciences, Heidelberg University of Education, Heidelberg, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of public health
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
Volume
64
Issue
7
Pages
1049–1058
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00038-019-01271-8
PMID: 31278436
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine secular trends in vigorous physical activity (VPA) among adolescents in relation to family affluence across 34 countries. This study used data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study from 34 countries in Europe and North America. Adolescents (N = 501,647) aged 11, 13 and 15 years across three survey cycles (2006, 2010, 2014) self-reported data on VPA and a family affluence scale (FAS) using standardized questionnaires. A significant increase in VPA was found in low-FAS boys (girls) in four (10) countries and a decrease in four (three) countries. In high-FAS boys (girls), a significant increase was observed in nine (11) countries and a decrease in two(three) countries. An overall significant increase in meeting the VPA recommendations was found in high-FAS boys (OR 1.11; 95% CI 1.06-1.16) and in all FAS groups in girls, with the largest effect being found among high-FAS girls (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.18-1.30). A country-specific increase in VPA was observed primarily in the medium- and high-FAS categories. This study suggests a need to focus on increasing VPA efforts, especially in low- and medium-FAS boys.

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