This report deals with the first diagnosed case of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 septicaemia in Austria. After a vacation in Tunisia, a 51-year-old male patient with liver cirrhosis and Billroth-II-gastrectomy was admitted to hospital because of abdominal pain, growing ascites, and jaundice. Four days later, the patient developed a single peak of high fever (39.6 degrees C). A blood culture was drawn and treatment with amoxycillin/clavulanic acid commenced. The blood culture yielded Gram-negative comma-like rods which were identified as V. cholerae non-O1.