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Vibration transmissibility and apparent mass changes from vertical whole-body vibration exposure during stationary and propelled walking

Authors
  • CHADEFAUX, Delphine
  • MOORHEAD, Alex P.
  • MARZAROLI, Pietro
  • MARELLI, Stefano
  • MARCHETTI, Enrico
  • TARABINI, Marco
Publication Date
Oct 16, 2020
Source
SAM : Science Arts et Métiers
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green

Abstract

Whole-Body Vibration (WBV) is an occupational hazard affecting employees working with transportation, construction or heavy machinery. To minimize vibration-induced pathologies, ISO identified WBV exposure limits based on vibration transmissibility and apparent mass studies. The ISO guidelines do not account for variations in posture or movement. In our study, we measured the transmissibility and apparent mass at the mouth, lower back, and leg of participants during stationary and propelled walking. Stationary walking trans­ missibility was significantly higher at the lumbar spine and bite bar at 5 and 10 Hz compared to all higher frequencies while the distal tibia was lower at 5 Hz compared to 10 and 15 Hz. Propelled walking transmissibility was significantly higher at the bite bar and knee at 2 Hz than all higher frequencies. These results vary from previously published transmissibility values for static participants, showing that ISO standards should be adjusted for active workers.

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