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Vertical sorting in collisional layer of bimodal sediment transport

Authors
  • Zrostlík, Štěpán1
  • Matoušek, Václav1
  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering , (Czechia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Feb 13, 2020
Volume
68
Issue
1
Pages
92–98
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/johh-2020-0003
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Intense collisional transport of bimodal sediment mixture in open-channel turbulent flow with water as carrying liquid is studied. The study focusses on steep inclined flows transporting solids of spherical shape and differing in either size or mass. A process of vertical sorting (segregation) of the two different solids fractions during the transport is analyzed and modelled. A segregation model is presented which is based on the kinetic theory of granular flows and builds on the Larcher-Jenkins segregation model for dry bimodal mixtures. Main modifications of the original model are the carrying medium (water instead of air) and a presence of a non-uniform distribution of sediment across the flow depth. Testing of the modified model reveals that the model is applicable to flow inclination slopes from 20 to 30 degrees approximately, making it appropriate for debris flow conditions. Changing the slope outside the specified range leads to numerical instability of the solution. A use of the bimodal mixture model is restricted to the grain size ratio 1.4 and no restriction is found for the grain mass ratio in a realistic range applicable to natural conditions. The model reveals trends in the vertical sorting under variable conditions showing that the sorting is more intense if flow is steeper and/or the difference in size or mass is bigger between the two sediment fractions in a bimodal mixture.

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