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Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: New treatment strategies for fractures in the osteoporotic spine.

Authors
  • Karlsson, Magnus K
  • Hasserius, Ralph
  • Gerdhem, Paul
  • Obrant, Karl J
  • Ohlin, Acke
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta orthopaedica
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2005
Volume
76
Issue
5
Pages
620–627
Identifiers
PMID: 16263607
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

During the last decade, two new treatment modalities for osteoporotic vertebral fractures have gained more interest: percutaneous vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. The techniques and the short-term clinical results and complications have been presented but there is no scientific evidence-based information regarding the efficacy of the procedures, such as randomized controlled trials (RCT). Instead, we have to rely on prospective and retrospective uncontrolled short-term observational studies and case-control studies. These studies have shown consistently that the short-term results after the procedures are favorable as regards both pain relief and functional status. It is currently unknown, however, whether a vertebroplasty or a kyphoplasty gives a better outcome than nonoperative treatment, and whether the long-term results are as favorable as the short-term results.

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