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Verification, characterization and tissue-specific expression of UreG, a urease accessory protein gene, from the amphioxus Branchiostoma belcheri.

Authors
  • Xue, Ji-Yu
  • Zhang, Shi-Cui
  • Liu, Nai-Guo
  • Liu, Zhen-Hui
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2006
Volume
38
Issue
8
Pages
549–555
Identifiers
PMID: 16894477
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

UreG genes have been found in bacteria, fungi and plants but have not yet identified in animals, although a putative UreG-like gene has been documented in sea urchin. In the course of a large-scale sequencing of amphioxus gut cDNA library, we have identified a cDNA with high similarity to UreG genes. Both reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and nested polymerase chain reaction, as well as in situ hybridization histochemistry, verified that the cDNA represented an amphioxus UreG gene (AmphiUreG) rather than a microbial contaminant of the cDNA library. This is further supported by the presence of urease activity in amphioxus gut, gill and ovary. AmphiUreG encodes a deduced protein of 200 amino acid residues including a highly conserved P-loop, bearing approximately 46%-49%, 44%-48%, and 29%-37% similarity to fungal, plant and bacterial UreG proteins, respectively. It shows a tissue-specific expression pattern in amphioxus, and is especially abundant in the digestive system. This is the first UreG gene identified in animal species.

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