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Velocity-resolved far-infrared spectra of forbidden Fe II - Evidence for mixing and clumping in SN 1987A

Published Article
Publication Date
Aug 31, 1990
DOI: 10.1086/169115
SETI Institute


The forbidden F II profiles at 18 and 26 micron from SN 1987A have been measured with a resolution of about 400 km/s. The central portion of each profile is well-fitted by a Gaussian with a FWHM of 2900 and 2500 km/s, respectively. The centroid velocity is redshifted relative to the LSR by 450 + or - 200 km/s at 18 microns and by 680 + or - 200 km/s at 26 microns. The integrated line fluxes alone imply a maximum expansion velocity of about 2000 km/s and a minimum expansion velocity much less than the maximum. A significant fraction of the iron has mixed with the overlying hydrogen regions. There is a high-velocity emission feature at about +3500 km/s relative to the main emission peak which contains about 3 percent of the total iron mass and has T about 2600 K. The measured 26 micron line flux corresponds to a total singly ionized iron mass of 0.026 solar. The line fluxes and profiles are inconsistent with a physically thin shell of gas and show that there is a wide range of expansion velocities for the iron.

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