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Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide: effects on insulin release in isolated mouse islets in relation to metabolic status and age.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Neuropeptides
Publication Date
Volume
40
Issue
4
Pages
283–290
Identifiers
PMID: 16797701
Source
Medline

Abstract

Obesity and development of the metabolic syndrome is related to an increased parasympathetic tone and hyperinsulinemia. We have now studied the effects of age and metabolic status on glucose-induced insulin release stimulated by the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP; 10 nM) and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP; 10 nM), that are constituents of the parasympathetic nerves in the islets, and the cholinergic agonists acetylcholine (ACh; 10 microM) and carbachol (10 microM), in isolated islets from female obese ob/ob mice and lean mice. Both VIP and PACAP enhanced insulin secretion in islets from 4-week-old hyperglycemic ob/ob mice. VIP did not increase 11.1 mM glucose-induced insulin release in islets from 4-week-old lean normoglycemic mice and neither did PACAP in the absence of bicarbonate. The neuropeptides increased insulin release in islets from 9 to 10-month-old mice but VIP and PACAP had no effect in islets from very old mice. ACh had no effect in islets from 9 to 10-months and older ob/ob mice in the absence of bicarbonate. The combination of VIP and cholinergic agonists had an additive effect in islets from ob/ob mice, and PACAP combined with carbachol potentiated insulin release in islets from 4-week-old lean mice. VIP increased early phase insulin release in perifused islets from young mice. A higher concentration of theophylline was needed to potentiate glucose-induced insulin release in islets from young lean mice than in islets from old lean mice and ob/ob mice. The present results demonstrate age-related dynamics in the effects of neuropeptides affecting cAMP in pancreatic islets. We suggest that VIP and PACAP contribute to the developing metabolic syndrome in ob/ob mice by aggravating hyperinsulinemia.

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