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Varying levels of depressive symptoms and lifestyle health behaviors in a low income, urban population.

Authors
  • Robles, Brenda1, 2
  • Jewell, Mirna Ponce3
  • Thomas Tobin, Courtney S4
  • Smith, Lisa V5, 6
  • Kuo, Tony3, 6, 7, 8
  • 1 Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 3530 Wilshire Blvd., 8th Floor, Los Angeles, CA, 90010, USA. [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, P.O. Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. [email protected]
  • 3 Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 3530 Wilshire Blvd., 8th Floor, Los Angeles, CA, 90010, USA.
  • 4 Department of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, P.O. Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
  • 5 Office of Health Assessment and Epidemiology, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 313 N. Figueroa St., Suite 127, Los Angeles, CA, 90012, USA.
  • 6 Department of Epidemiology, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, P.O. Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
  • 7 Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10880 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 1800, Los Angeles, CA, 90024, USA.
  • 8 Population Health Program, UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute, BE-144 Center of Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of behavioral medicine
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2021
Volume
44
Issue
2
Pages
212–221
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10865-020-00179-6
PMID: 32936373
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examined the relationships between varying levels of depressive symptoms and key dietary indicators of chronic disease risk, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and fruit and vegetable (F + V) consumption, among a racially/ethnically diverse urban population in Los Angeles County (LAC). Analyses were carried out using data from a 2012 cross-sectional health survey of 1401 low-income public health center clients. Participants with a high level of depressive symptoms consumed 30% more SSBs (IRR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.08, 1.55) than participants with a lower level of these symptoms. Other predictors of higher SSB consumption included being African American/Black (IRR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.32, 2.05), male (IRR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.06, 1.35), U.S. born (IRR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.11, 1.57), and using tobacco (IRR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.11, 1.43). Similar associations with F + V consumption were not found. Findings suggest that depressive symptoms may influence certain health behaviors in certain groups under certain situations. Policy and practice implications are discussed within this context.

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