Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Variations in Values of State, Response Entropy and Haemodynamic Parameters Associated with Development of Different Epileptiform Patterns during Volatile Induction of General Anaesthesia with Two Different Anaesthetic Regimens Using Sevoflurane in Comparison with Intravenous Induct: A Comparative Study

  • Stasiowski, Michał1
  • Duława, Anna
  • Szumera, Izabela1
  • Marciniak, Radosław1
  • Niewiadomska, Ewa
  • Kaspera, Wojciech2
  • Krawczyk, Lech1
  • Ładziński, Piotr2
  • Grabarek, Beniamin Oskar3
  • Jałowiecki, Przemysław1
  • 1 (P.J.)
  • 2 (P.Ł.)
  • 3 Department of Histology, Cytophysiology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine in Zabrze, University of Technology in Katowice, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
Published Article
Brain Sciences
Publication Date
Jun 12, 2020
DOI: 10.3390/brainsci10060366
PMID: 32545600
PMCID: PMC7349226
PubMed Central
  • Article


Background and Objectives: Raw electroencephalographic (EEG) signals are rarely used to monitor the depth of volatile induction of general anaesthesia (VIGA) with sevoflurane, even though EEG-based indices may show aberrant values. We aimed to identify whether response (RE) and state entropy (SE) variations reliably reflect the actual depth of general anaesthesia in the presence of different types of epileptiform patterns (EPs) in EEGs during induction of general anaesthesia. Materials and Methods: A randomized, prospective clinical study was performed with 60 patients receiving VIGA using sevoflurane with the increasing concentrations (group VIMA) or the vital capacity (group VCRII) technique or an intravenous single dose of propofol (group PROP). Facial electromyography (fEMG), fraction of inspired sevoflurane (FiAA), fraction of expired sevoflurane (FeAA), minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane, RE and SE, and standard electroencephalographic evaluations were performed in these patients. Results: In contrast to periodic epileptiform discharges, erroneous SE and RE values in the patients’ EEGs were associated with the presence of polyspikes (PS) and rhythmic polyspikes (PSR), which were more likely to indicate toxic depth rather than false emergence from anaesthesia with no changes in the FiAA, FeAA, and MAC of sevoflurane. Conclusion: Calculated RE and SE values may be misleading during VIGA when EPs are present in patients’ EEGs. During VIGA with sevoflurane, we recommend monitoring raw EEG data in scientific studies to correlate it with potentially erroneous RE and SE values and the end-tidal concentration of sevoflurane in everyday clinical practice, when monitoring raw EEG is not available, because they can mislead anaesthesiologists to reduce sevoflurane levels in the ventilation gas and result in unintentional true emergence from anaesthesia. Further studies are required to investigate the behaviour of EEG-based indices during rapid changes in sevoflurane concentrations at different stages of VIGA and the influence of polyspikes and rhythmic polyspikes on the transformation of EEG signals into a digital form.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times