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Variações morfométricas de Coprophanaeus saphirinus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae) em áreas da Mata Atlântica em diferentes estágios sucessionais

  • Xavier, Alexandre Teixeira
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2012
Repositório Institucional da UFSC
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Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) have been suggested as biological indicators of environmental quality by presenting sensitivity to changes in environment and participate in important environmental services, burying in tunnels portions of feces and carcasses in which they feed. Most of the species shows sexual dimorphism and the biomass incorporated in adults is directly related to the quantity and quality of food resources available during their larval period. Evidence of reduced biomass and smaller body sizes are related with smaller secondary structures (horns) in males. In this study, we performed morphometric analyzes of the species Coprophanaeus saphirinus (Sturm, 1826) to understand the response of the population to environmental changes in different successional stages in three areas of the Atlantic Forest. For this, we compared the parameters of abundance, sex ratio of male phenotypic variations, and biometric variation in body length, dry weight and total biomass of individuals. The specimens measured were from four samples collected with standardized methodology in 2009 and 2010 in Protected Areas of Santa Catarina state. We analyzed 159 specimens and the results showed that abundance, sex ratio and phenotypic variation in males in the three areas were not associated with the successional stage. The biometrical variations in body length and dry weight of the individuals showed that females were larger only in one area, but no significant difference were found in body size of specimens from different successional stages, just as there was no association between total biomass of males and females. These results show that individuals in the population of C. saphirinus (males and females or phenotypic variation for males) do not exhibit different behaviors in relation to the areas of Atlantic Forest in different successional stages.

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