Three patients suffering from extensive cavernous lymphangiomatosis are presented here. They were examined by MRI using RARE-MR hydrography (rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement) as well as conventional spin-echo sequences. RARE sequences, which depict each fluid-filled lymphatic space, can be used for screening. RARE-sequences help to shorten investigation time, particularly in cases involving the skeleton. The imaging strategy can be changed according to the results of this sequence. It may be performed prior to spin-echo sequences and facilitates follow-up investigations. RARE sequences distinguish between lymphangiomatosis and hemangiomatosis, or a combination of the two.