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Validation of a VerifyNow-P2Y12 cartridge for monitoring platelet inhibition with clopidogrel.

Authors
  • Malinin, A
  • Pokov, A
  • Swaim, L
  • Kotob, M
  • Serebruany, V
Type
Published Article
Journal
Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2006
Volume
28
Issue
5
Pages
315–322
Identifiers
PMID: 16845449
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Despite common use of clopidogrel in patients with vascular disease, monitoring of platelet inhibition is still not conventional in clinical practice. Considering substantial response variability, when some patients may experience inadequate protection, and/or increased risk of bleeding, simple and reliable methods to control adequate antiplatelet regimen is mandatory. We validated a new VerifyNow-P2Y12 assay to measure inhibition of the P2Y12 platelet receptors by clopidogrel by evaluating its receptor specificity, precision, and potential interference with platelet count, hematocrit, age, cholesterol, triglycerides, and other antiplatelet agents. Platelet aggregation induced by ADP or ADP + prostaglandin E1 (ADP + PGE1) in the presence of specific P2Y12 inhibitor 2-methylthio-AMP (2MeSAMP) for the assessment of assay specificity was performed in 10 volunteers. Seventeen medications were used for the VerifyNow-P2Y12 interference testing, and assay interplay with blood constituents was evaluated in a clinical setting in 131 patients with coronary artery disease. In the presence of 2MeSAMP, the average residual aggregation level across the 10 donors was 27% for ADP and 5% for ADP + PGE1. There also was a strong agreement between ADP + PGE1 aggregometry and VerifyNow-P2Y12 assay (93% vs. 95% average inhibition across all donors). The coefficient of variation for the test precision was less than 8%. The VerifyNow-P2Y12 readings were not influenced by age, platelet count, hematocrit, fibrinogen, cholesterol, or triglycerides level. There was an interference with abciximab before P2Y12 inhibition; however, after platelet suppression with cilostazol, the interference with all tested substances was minimal. VerifyNow-P2Y12 is a reliable, simple, and sensitive device suitable for monitoring of P2Y12 platelet receptor inhibitors in the clinical arena.

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