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Validation of the PTSD Checklist–Civilian Version in Survivors of Bone Marrow Transplantation

Authors
  • Smith, Meredith Y.1
  • Redd, William1
  • DuHamel, Katherine1
  • Vickberg, Suzanne Johnson1, 2
  • Ricketts, Patricia2
  • 1 Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, Derald H. Ruttenburg Cancer Center, New York, New York, 10029 , New York
  • 2 The Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York, Department of Social Personality Psychology, New York, New York, 10036 , New York
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1999
Volume
12
Issue
3
Pages
485–499
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1023/A:1024719104351
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Life-threatening illness now qualifies as a precipitating stressor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We examined the validity of the PTSD Checklist–Civilian Version (PCL–C; Weathers, Litz, Herman, Juska, & Keane, 1993), a brief 17-item inventory of PTSD-like symptoms, in a sample of 111 adults who had undergone bone marrow transplantation an average of 4.04 years previously. Exploratory factor analysis of the PCL–C identified four distinct patterns of symptom responses: Numbing–Hyperarousal, Dreams–Memories of the Cancer Treatment, General Hyperarousal, Responses to Cancer-Related Reminders and Avoidance–Numbing. Respondents meeting PTSD symptom criteria on the PCL–C had significantly lower physical, role, and social functioning, greater distress and anxiety, and significantly more intrusive and avoidant responses than individuals who did not meet PTSD symptom criteria.

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