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Validation of a brief sex addiction screening instrument (PATHOS) and prediction of sex addiction in the Iranian population.

Authors
  • Zareiyan, Armin1
  • Sharif Nia, Hamid2
  • Molavi, Nader3
  • Saeidi, Abdolhadi4
  • Najarzadegan, Mohamadreza5
  • Ghazanfarpour, Masumeh6
  • Jafarpour, Hamed7
  • Babakhanian, Masoudeh7, 8
  • 1 Department of Health Disaster and Emergencies , Nursing Faculty , Aja University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 2 Department of Nursing , Mazandaran University of Medical Science , Sari , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 3 Kashan University of Medical Sciences , Kashan , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 4 Urmia University of Medical Sciences , Urmia , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 5 Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors , Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 6 Student Research Committee , Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 7 Student Research Committee, Psychiatry and Behavioral Research Centre , Addiction Institute , Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , Sari , Iran . , (Iran)
  • 8 Semnan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services , Semnan , Iran . , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in psychiatry and psychotherapy
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Volume
43
Issue
1
Pages
30–36
Identifiers
DOI: 10.47626/2237-6089-2019-0088
PMID: 33681904
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Sex addiction is a major psychiatric disorder in which a person is compelled to participate in sexual activities despite negative consequences. This study was conducted to localize a brief sex addiction screening instrument (PATHOS) for use in the Iranian population and to determine variables predictive of sex addiction in the general Iranian population. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric properties of PATHOS in a sample of 443 Iranians in 2018. Data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis (Factor 10.8.04 software). Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were used to investigate construct validity and variables predictive of addiction. Exploratory factor analysis identified two factors in this dichotomous questionnaire and reported the questionnaire's test-retest reliability in the target population. Prognostic variables for sexual addiction in the Iranian population were determined to be female gender, higher education, viewing pornographic videos, having multiple sex partners, having difficulty interacting in sex, and history of masturbation. The Persian version of the brief sex addiction screening instrument (PATHOS) has sufficient reliability and validity in the Iranian population. The predictive variables of sex addiction are indicative of the presence of risk of this disorder in Iranian samples and more studies are needed in order to enable prevention and treatment.

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