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Valence state map of iron oxide thin film obtained from electron spectroscopy imaging series.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Micron
0968-4328
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
38
Issue
4
Pages
354–361
Identifiers
PMID: 16934475
Source
Medline

Abstract

This paper demonstrates the applicability of electron-spectroscopic imaging (ESI) for valence-state mapping of the iron oxide system. We have previously developed a set of signal-processing methods for an ESI series, to allow mapping of sp(2)/sp(3) ratio, dielectric function and energy bandgap. In this study, these methods are applied to generate a valence-state map of an iron oxide thin film (Fe/alpha-Fe(2)O(3)). Two problems, data undersampling and a convolution effect associated with extraction of the image-spectrum from the core loss image series, were overcome by using cubic-polynomial interpolation and maximum-entropy deconvolution. As a result, the reconstructed image-spectrum obtained from the ESI series images has a quality as good as that of conventional electron energy-loss spectra. The L(3)/L(2) ratio of the reconstructed ESI spectrum is determined to be 3.30+/-0.30 and 5.0+/-0.30 for Fe and alpha-Fe(2)O(3), respectively. Our L(3)/L(2) ratio mapping shows an accurate correspondence across the Cu/Fe/alpha-Fe(2)O(3) region. The effect of delocalization and chromatic aberration on the ESI resolution is discussed and estimated to be about 2 nm for the case of L(3)/L(2) ratio mapping.

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