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Vagal influences on gastric acid secretion in response to gastric distension in the ferret.

Authors
  • Naseri, M K1
  • Hutson, D
  • Grundy, D
  • 1 Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, U.K.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the autonomic nervous system
Publication Date
Oct 01, 1991
Volume
36
Issue
1
Pages
25–31
Identifiers
PMID: 1753062
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The role of the vagus nerve in the stimulation of gastric acid secretion was investigated by comparing the acid output in response to gastric distension during augmented secretion mediated by electrical vagal stimulation and pentagastrin. Under control conditions distension increased acid output from 29.8 +/- 3 mumol/10 min to 59.9 +/- 5.5 mumol/10 min (P less than 0.0001). Bilateral cervical vagotomy significantly reduced both basal acid secretion and the response to distension although the increase during distension was still significant. Electrical vagal stimulation augmented basal acid output and the response to distension, and at 1 Hz both parameters were not different from that before vagotomy. However, the sensitivity of the response to distension was unchanged by vagal stimulation. Pentagastrin infusion augmented basal acid secretion and the response to distension in a similar manner to vagal stimulation. We conclude that the vagus nerves potentiate the gastric acid secretory response to distension not by facilitating enteric reflexes but by an action at the level of the parietal cell.

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