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Vaccination Management of Beef Cattle: Delayed Vaccination and Endotoxin Stacking.

Authors
  • Richeson, John T1
  • Hughes, Heather D2
  • Broadway, Paul R3
  • Carroll, Jeffery A3
  • 1 Department of Agricultural Sciences, West Texas A&M University, WTAMU Box 60998, Canyon, TX 79016, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 SciWrite Consulting, PO Box 1041, Canyon, TX 79015, USA.
  • 3 USDA-ARS Livestock Issues Unit, 1604 East FM 1294, Lubbock, TX 79403, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Volume
35
Issue
3
Pages
575–592
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2019.07.003
PMID: 31590903
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Vaccination is a critical component of cattle health management. Effective cattle vaccine programs should consider the timing of vaccination in relation to expected disease challenge, risk for wild-type exposure of various bovine pathogens, and host factors during vaccination. Nearly all consulting veterinarians recommend vaccination of stressed, high-risk calves on feedlot arrival. However, this recommendation fails to consider several factors associated with vaccine efficiency. Further research evaluating vaccine interactions in stressed cattle and potential additive effects of endotoxin from multiple bacterin administration may reveal new evidence-based vaccination guidelines for cattle in the various segments of beef and dairy production systems. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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