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Utility and accuracy of template-directed dye-terminator incorporation with fluorescence-polarization detection for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
BioTechniques
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
5
Identifiers
PMID: 12019780
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

There are little independent data available about how well single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping technologies perform in the typical molecular genetics laboratory. We evaluated the utility and accuracy of a widely used technology, template-directed dye-terminator incorporation with fluorescence-polarization detection (FP-TDI), in a sample of 177 SNPs selected solely on the basis of map location. Genotypes were generated without optimization using standard protocols. Overall, 81% of the SNPs we studied generated readable genotypes by FP-TDI. Thirty-two SNPs were genotyped in duplicate by PCR-RFLP orfluorescent dye-terminator sequencing. Out of a total of 631 duplicate genotypes, no true discrepancies were detected. The true error rate has a 95% chance of lying between 0 and 6 out of 1000 genotypes. We also tested for deviations from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium in 33 SNPs genotyped in 50 unrelated individuals, and no significant deviations were detected. Our FP-TDI data were readily adaptable to automated genotype calling using our own method of cluster analysis, which assigns a probability score to each genotype call. We conclude that FP-TDI is both efficient and accurate. The method can easily fill the needs of SNP genotyping projects at the scale typically used for regional or candidate-gene association studies.

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