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Using a threading-followed-by-swelling approach to synthesize [2]rotaxanes.

Authors
  • Ko, Jia-Ling
  • Ueng, Shau-Hua
  • Chiu, Ching-Wei
  • Lai, Chien-Chen
  • Liu, Yi-Hung
  • Peng, Shie-Ming
  • Chiu, Sheng-Hsien
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemistry - A European Journal
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Jun 18, 2010
Volume
16
Issue
23
Pages
6950–6960
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201000074
PMID: 20449856
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have developed a "threading-followed-by-swelling" protocol to synthesize [2]rotaxanes efficiently and atom economically. Our protocol employs cis-1-[(Z)-alk-1'-enyl]-2-vinylcyclopropane units as the termini of the threadlike components; these end groups are converted into more-sizable cycloheptadiene motifs, which function as stopper units, through Cope rearrangements at elevated temperature. We used this approach to synthesize [2]rotaxanes in good yield from [2]pseudorotaxanes featuring either one or two swellable termini to interlock three different types of macrocycle. The chiral centers created by the swelling process were "erased" by hydrogenating the cycloheptadiene termini into the corresponding cycloheptane units, affording achiral molecular [2]rotaxanes as the only final products.

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