The superficial temporal fascia flap gives a fine malleable well vascularized tissue and can be used as a pedicled or a free flap to cover large areas of loss of substance. Its dissection needs a period of training. Its use in orbital surgery is rare. However when it is about an anophthalmic socket following radiotherapy with orbital retraction syndrome, it provides tissue of good quality. This could allow later reconstruction by mucous grafts. When used on cavities of exenteration it allows fast re-epithelialisation even post-radiotherapy, while allowing the monitoring of the cavity and in particular the early detection of any tumor recurrence. Its use is advantageous in unfavorable conditions especially after radiotherapy.