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Using pharmacists' perceptions in planning changes in pharmacy practice.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
American journal of hospital pharmacy
Publication Date
Volume
47
Issue
9
Pages
2026–2030
Identifiers
PMID: 2220856
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Pharmacists' perceptions of and goals for clinical pharmacy services, as well as the proportion of time devoted to clinical services, were studied at one hospital as part of the process for establishing departmental goals. Three methods were used in evaluating pharmacists' perceptions of clinical pharmacy services. The first was a departmental survey. Second, staff members were asked to generate and prioritize a list of goals for clinical pharmacy services; this was done by means of an interactive, small-group process. Finally, a work-sampling study was performed that indirectly measured use of staff pharmacist and technician time. Staff pharmacists perceived that clinical pharmacy services were being provided to individual patients; however, support for these services from upper management was perceived as inadequate. Staff development had the highest priority for the further development of clinical pharmacy services. Only 19.7% of pharmacists' time was devoted to clinical services. Data from all three studies were incorporated into the development of a strategic plan that set forth long-term departmental goals and objectives. The plan includes a statement of commitment to develop management systems to eliminate deficiencies identified in the study. Among the changes in pharmacy operations introduced as a result of the survey were (1) a career-ladder system, (2) new opportunities for staff development, and (3) improved documentation systems. Surveying staff perceptions of existing services, joint goal setting and prioritization, and work-sampling studies formed the basis for the development and implementation of a new model of integrated pharmacy services at this institution.

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