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Using Molecular Simulation to Compute Transport Coefficients of Molecular Gases

Authors
  • Frenkel, Daniel
  • Wang, Xipeng
  • Ramirez-Hinestrosa, Simon
Publication Date
Aug 03, 2020
Source
Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

The existing kinetic theory of gases is based on an analytical approach that becomes intractable for all but the simplest molecules. Here we propose a simple numerical scheme to compute the transport properties of molecular gases in the limit of infinite dilution. The approach that we propose is approximate, but our results for the diffusivity D, the viscosity η and the thermal conductivity λ of hard spheres, Lennard-Jones particles and rough hard spheres, agree well with the standard (lowest order) Chapman-Enskog results. We also present results for a Lennard-Jones-dimer model for nitrogen, for which no analytical results are available. In the case of poly-atomic molecules (we consider n-octane), our method remains simple and gives good predictions for the diffusivity and the viscosity. Computing the thermal conductivity of poly-atomic molecules requires an approximate treatment of their quantized internal modes. We show that a well-known approximation that relates λ to D and $\eta$, yields good results. We note that our approach should yield a lower limit to the exact value of D, η and λ. Interestingly, the most sophisticated (higher-order) Chapman-Enskog results for rough hard spheres seem to violate this bound.

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