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[Usefulness of serum procalcitonin measurement in the diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology
Publication Date
Volume
60
Issue
4
Pages
294–299
Identifiers
PMID: 22686037
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Procalcitonin (PCT), a precursor for calcitonin, has been reported to be elevated in bacterial infection. However, its significance in the diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, who have treatment with corticosteroid and immunosuppressive drug, is limited. To investigate the usefulness of serum procalcitonin measurement in the diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, we analyzed 28 patients with systemic autoimmune diseases hospitalized because of fever and/or C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation. PCT was measured by the immunochromatography assay. Fourteen patients were considered having bacterial infections and the other 14 patients were considered having disease flare of their systemic autoimmune diseases. Serum CRP levels in the bacterial infection group was higher than that in the systemic autoimmune disease flare group; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance. The positive rate of serum PCT was significantly higher in the bacterial infection group (10/14, 71%) than that in the systemic autoimmune disease flare group (1/14, 7%), although there were 2 cases showing false positive PCT probably due to rheumatoid factor. This study suggested that PCT is useful in the diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases who are treated with corticosteroid and immunosuppressive drug.

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