Workers' compensation claims in Ohio were evaluated as a source of surveillance data for identifying workplaces at high risk of cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) and analyzed for their demographic and industrial characteristics. During a 5-year period (1980 to 1984), 6,849 workers' compensation claims met the case criteria for CTDs. Tenosynovitis due to continuous motion was the most frequently reported condition (58%), and the wrist was the body part most frequently affected (48%). The highest case rate was observed for female workers in the 36 to 45 age group. Incidence rates for individual companies were determined and those with the highest rates for CTDs were identified. The employer-specific rates for CTDs based on workers' compensation claims data can be used as an effective surveillance tool in locating high-risk operations where ergonomic interventions can be implemented to reduce CTD hazards.