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On the use of Traveling Waves for Pest/Vector elimination using the Sterile Insect Technique

  • Anguelov, Roumen
  • Dumont, Yves
  • Yatat Djeumen, Ivric Valaire
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
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The development of sustainable vector/pest control methods is of utmost importance to reduce the risk of vector-borne diseases and pest damages on crops. Among them, the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is a very promising one. In this paper, using diffusion operators, we extend a temporal SIT model, developed in a recent paper, into a partially degenerate reaction-diffusion SIT model. Adapting some theoretical results on traveling wave solutions for partially degenerate reaction-diffusion equations, we show the existence of mono-stable and bi-stable traveling-wave solutions for our SIT system. The dynamics of our system is driven by a SIT-threshold number above which the SIT control becomes effective and drives the system to elimination, using massive releases. When the amount of sterile males is lower than the SIT-threshold, the SIT model experiences a strong Allee effect such that a bi-stable traveling wave solution can exist and can also be used to derive an effective long term strategy, mixing massive and small releases. We illustrate some of our theoretical results with numerical simulations , and, also explore numerically spatial-localized SIT control strategies, using massive and small releases. We show that this "corridor" strategy can be efficient to block an invasion and eventually can be used to push back the front of a vector/pest invasion.

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