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Use of Student-Generated Multiple Choice Questions to Enhance Team-Based Learning of Anatomy at the University of Rwanda

Authors
  • Sibomana, Isaie1
  • Karenzi, Irenee David1
  • Niyongombwa, Irenee1
  • Byiringiro, Jean Claude1
  • Gashegu, Julien2
  • Ntirenganya, Faustin1
  • 1 University of Rwanda, Kigali , (Rwanda)
  • 2 University of Rwanda, Butare , (Rwanda)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Publisher
Dove Medical Press
Publication Date
Nov 03, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
825–832
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2147/AMEP.S274298
PMID: 33177911
PMCID: PMC7650038
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Introduction Teaching of human anatomy has undergone significant changes in the past three decades. At the University of Rwanda, anatomy is being taught using team-based learning (TBL). While student-generated multiple choice questions (MCQs) stimulate deeper thinking on a given topic, their impact on anatomy learning is not known. This study aimed to find out the impact of student-generated MCQs on the current anatomy teaching method at the University of Rwanda. Methods In this comparative interventional study, two similar chapters on anatomy were selected; one was taught using TBL while for the other one, in addition to TBL, students were encouraged to set MCQs while studying. Pre- and post-test scores were analyzed using SPSS 23 and the Student’s t -test was used to compare the mean scores obtained. Results Thirty-one medical students were recruited. Pre-test mean scores were 25.10 and 25.19 out of 50 for chapters 1 and 2, respectively. Although the students’ post-test scores improved after teaching for each chapter, the improvement was much greater for chapter 2 than for chapter 1, with mean scores of 39.97 and 32.45 out of 50, respectively ( P <0.05). Despite such improvement, almost half of the students found that setting MCQs was not easy. Conclusion This study found that student-generated MCQs can be used as a simple and cost-effective tool to enhance TBL of anatomy.

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