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Use of regression to study the effect of fabric parameters on the adhesion of 3D printed PLA polymer onto woven fabrics

Authors
  • Mpofu, Nonsikelelo Sheron1
  • Mwasiagi, Josphat Igadwa2
  • Nkiwane, Londiwe C.3
  • Njuguna, David4
  • 1 Moi University, MSc student, School of Engineering, Eldoret, Kenya , Eldoret (Kenya)
  • 2 Moi University, Professor of Textile Engineering, Department of Manufacturing, Industrial and Textile Engineering, School of Engineering, Eldoret, Kenya , Eldoret (Kenya)
  • 3 National University of Science and Technology, Professor and HOD of Fibre & Polymer Materials Engineering, Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe , Bulawayo (Zimbabwe)
  • 4 Moi University, Senior Lecturer, Department of Manufacturing, Industrial and Textile Engineering, School of Engineering, Eldoret, Kenya , Eldoret (Kenya)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fashion and Textiles
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Publication Date
Aug 14, 2019
Volume
6
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40691-019-0180-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The use of the three-dimensional (3D) printing technique is gaining popularity due to its ability to produce products with minimum waste. 3D printing can be used to add polymers onto woven fabrics to produce novel structures. This research work concentrated on the study of the fabric properties affecting the adhesion of Polylactic Acid (PLA) polymer onto selected fabrics. Different fabrics made from cotton, polyester and acrylic, were selected and using 3D printing, PLA polymer was printed onto the fabric surface. Regression models were used to study the effect of selected fabric properties on the adhesion of PLA polymer onto the woven fabrics. The results obtained in this research work indicated that fabric areal density, warp count (Tex), weft count (Tex), fabric thickness and fabric handle indicated a positive correlation with adhesion of PLA onto woven fabrics. On the other hand, warp ends/inch and weft picks/inch showed a negative correlation with the adhesion of PLA polymer onto woven fabrics.

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