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Use of radar detectors to track attendance of albatrosses at fishing vessels.

Authors
  • Weimerskirch, H1
  • Filippi, D P2
  • Collet, J1
  • Waugh, S M3
  • Patrick, S C4
  • 1 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé, 79360 Villiers-en-Bois, France. , (France)
  • 2 Sextant Technology, 116 Wilton Road, Wellington 6012, New Zealand. , (New Zealand)
  • 3 Te Papa Museum, 55 Cable Street, Wellington 6011, New Zealand. , (New Zealand)
  • 4 School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GP, U.K.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Conservation Biology
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Jun 09, 2017
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12965
PMID: 28598528
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Despite international waters covering over 60% of the world's oceans, understanding of how fisheries in these regions shape ecosystem processes is surprisingly poor. Seabirds forage at fishing vessels, which has potentially deleterious effects for their population, but the extent of overlap and behavior in relation to ships is poorly known. Using novel biologging devices, which detect radar emissions and record the position of boats and seabirds, we measured the true extent of the overlap between seabirds and fishing vessels and generated estimates of the intensity of fishing and distribution of vessels in international waters. During breeding, wandering albatrosses (Diomedea exulans) from the Crozet Islands patrolled an area of over 10 million km2 at distances up to 2500 km from the colony. Up to 79.5% of loggers attached to birds detected vessels. The extent of overlap between albatrosses and fisheries has widespread implications for bycatch risk in seabirds and reveals the areas of intense fishing throughout the ocean. We suggest that seabirds equipped with radar detectors are excellent monitors of the presence of vessels in the Southern Ocean and offer a new way to monitor the presence of illegal fisheries and to better understand the impact of fisheries on seabirds.

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