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Use of microstereology and quantitative cytochemistry to determine the effects of crude oil-derived aromatic hydrocarbons on lysosomal structure and function in a marine bivalve mollusc, Mytilus edulis.

Authors
  • Moore, M N
  • Clarke, K R
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Histochemical journal
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1982
Volume
14
Issue
5
Pages
713–718
Identifiers
PMID: 6215385
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The marine bivalve mollusc, Mytilus edulis (blue mussel), is a noted accumulator of many environmental pollutants and is increasingly used for the chemical and biological assessment of environmental impact. The toxic effects of crude oil-derived aromatic hydrocarbons (30 micrograms/l total hydrocarbons) of the lysosomal-vacuolar system of the digestive cells have been investigated in cryostat sections of hexane-frozen digestive glands. Exposure to aromatic hydrocarbons reduced the cytochemically determined latency of lysosomal beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase; lysosomal volume density and surface density increased while the numerical density decreased. Experimental exposure resulted in the formation of very large lysosomes which are believed to be largely autophagic in function and these results indicate a significant structural and functional disturbance of digestive cell lysosomes in response to hydrocarbons.

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