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The use of mechanistic evidence in drug approval.

  • Aronson, Jeffrey K
  • La Caze, Adam
  • Kelly, Mike
  • Parkkinen, Veli-Pekka
  • Williamson, Jon
Publication Date
Sep 20, 2018
Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
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The role of mechanistic evidence tends to be under-appreciated in current evidence-based medicine (EBM), which focusses on clinical studies, tending to restrict attention to randomized controlled studies (RCTs) when they are available. The EBM+ programme seeks to redress this imbalance, by suggesting methods for evaluating mechanistic studies alongside clinical studies. Drug approval is a problematic case for the view that mechanistic evidence should be taken into account, because RCTs are almost always available. Nevertheless, we argue that mechanistic evidence is central to all the key tasks in the drug approval process: in drug discovery and development; assessing pharmaceutical quality; devising dosage regimens; assessing efficacy, harms, external validity, and cost-effectiveness; evaluating adherence; and extending product licences. We recommend that, when preparing for meetings in which any aspect of drug approval is to be discussed, mechanistic evidence should be systematically analysed and presented to the committee members alongside analyses of clinical studies. / AHRC grant number AH/M005917/1 Leverhulme Trust grant number RPG-2014-181

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