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The use of hypothermia therapy in cardiac arrest survivors.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Therapeutic hypothermia and temperature management
Publication Date
Volume
1
Issue
1
Pages
9–21
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1089/ther.2010.0002
PMID: 24716883
Source
Medline

Abstract

The annual incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in the United States is ∼350,000-450,000 per year. The prognosis for cardiac arrest survivors remains extremely poor. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is the only therapy proven to improve survival and neurological outcome in these patients. This article discusses the pathophysiology of neurological injury in cardiac arrest survivors and states the presumed mechanisms by which TH mitigates brain injury in these patients. It reviews the contraindications to the use of this therapy, methods of cooling, and phases of TH and elaborates on the intensive care unit management of TH. The use of TH in ventricular fibrillation survivors has become the standard of care and continues to evolve in its application as an essential therapy in cardiac arrest patients.

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