A general technique for monitoring the intramolecular motion of a protein is described. Genetic engineering is used to replace all the natural tryptophan residues with tyrosine. A single tryptophan residue is then inserted at a specific site within the protein where motion is then detected from the fluorescence characteristics of this fluorophore. This technique has been used in B. stearothermophilus lactate dehydrogenase mutant (W80Y, W150Y, W203Y, G106W) to correlate the slow closure of a surface loop of polypeptide (residues 98-110) with the maximum catalytic velocity of the enzyme.
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The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3422557