From 1967 to 1992, 39 patients with urogenital rhabdomyosarcoma were admitted to our hospital. Of them 30 were male and 8 female and their age ranged from 4 months to 14 years (32 were less than 5 years). Primary tumor was located in bladder or/and prostate in 26, paratesticule 9, vagina 3, and penis 1. Among the 31 patients receiving treatment, 23 were followed up. There were 15 (65%) survivors, including 13 who were free from tumor for over 4 years. The eldest two patients were 20 and 21 years of age. Two patients with vaginal tumor and 4 with bladder tumor preserved their organs with normal function. Biopsy were done only in 8 patients. In recent years, conservative surgery combined with chemotherapy for urogenital rhabdomyosarcoma has been justified.