BackgroundThe product of the concentrations of urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7]) has been suggested as biomarker for early detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) in various clinical settings. However, the performance of urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7] to predict AKI has never been assessed in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the early predictive value of urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7] for the development of AKI after OLT.MethodsIn this observational study, urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7] was measured in samples from adult OLT patients. AKI was diagnosed and classified according to KDIGO criteria. Areas under the receiver operating curves (AUC) were calculated to assess predictive values of urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7] for the development of AKI.ResultsForty patients (mean age 55 ± 8 years) were included. Twenty-eight patients (70%) developed AKI stage 1, 2, or 3 within 48 h after OLT. Urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7] was not predictive for AKI at the end of OLT (AUC: 0.54, CI [0.32–0.75], P = 0.72), at day 1 (AUC: 0.60, CI [0.41–0.79], P = 0.31), or day 2 after OLT (AUC: 0.63, CI [0.46–0.8], P = 0.18).ConclusionBased on our results, routine clinical use of urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7] cannot be recommended for risk assessment of AKI in patients undergoing OLT.