In 17 hospitalized patients affected by acute myocardial infarction (AMI) PGE2 urinary excretion, renal function and, furthermore, cortisol urinary excretion were tested during a 21 days trial. In 12 patients all the parameters under consideration underwent a similar trend: PGE2 urinary excretion exactly like glomerular filtration rate, Na+ excretion and diuresis tended to be reduced during the first 5 days and they rapidly recovered the normality after this period. Cortisol urinary excretion displayed a characteristic pattern: i.e. the highest values were observed in the first days, followed by a progressive decrease towards physiological levels since the 4th day. Different findings were obtained in 5 cases treated with an antiinflammatory drug (Indoprophen i.m. 200 mg x2 die). In fact the low levels of urinary PGE2 on the first days did not display any increasing and GFR, urinary flow, and Na+ tubular balance underwent irregular and not significant variations. These data suggest that an impaired Prostaglandin synthesis may be related to a compromised renal function often occurring in AMI.