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Uptake of extracellular biotin by Escherichia coli biotin prototrophs.

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PMC
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  • Biology
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Abstract

Uptake of exogenous biotin by two Escherichia coli biotin prototroph strains, K-12 and Crookes, appeared to involve incorporation at a fixed number of binding sites located at the cell membrane. Incorporation was characterized as a binding process specific for biotin, not requiring energy, and stimulated by acidic pH. Constant saturation quantities of exogenous biotin were incorporated by these cells, and the amounts, which were titrated, depended on whether the cells were resting or dividing. Resting cells incorporated exogenous biotin amounting to 2% of their total intracellular biotin content. Fifty percent of the exogenous biotin was incorporated into their free biotin fraction, and 50% was incorporated into their bound biotin fraction. On the other hand, dividing cells incorporated exogenous biotin into all of their intracellular sites, 88% going into the intracellular-bound biotin fraction, and 12% going into the free biotin fraction. Calculations suggested that each cell contained approximately 3,000 binding sites for biotin. It was postulated that biotin incorporation sites might have been components of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase located at or near the membrane.

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