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An Update on Cerebrovascular Disease in Dogs and Cats.

Authors
  • Boudreau, Christen Elizabeth1
  • 1 Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Texas A&M University, TAMU 4474, College Station, TX 77843-4474, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Volume
48
Issue
1
Pages
45–62
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.08.009
PMID: 29056397
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This article reviews definitions and normal anatomy and physiology of canine and feline cerebral vasculature. The pathophysiology of cerebrovascular disease (CVD), which results from disturbance of cerebral blood supply, is described, along with its common causes and correlative findings. The general clinical presentation of companion animals is described, although specific neurologic abnormalities depend on the neuroanatomic location of the disrupted blood supply. Current and future diagnostic approaches are described, including ancillary testing for predisposing factors. Acute and chronic management of patients with CVD is discussed. The prognosis for dogs and cats with acute CVD is generally considered good.

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