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Unused and Expired Medications: Are They a Threat? A Facility-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Authors
  • Ebrahim, Awol Jemal1
  • Teni, Fitsum Sebsibe2
  • Yimenu, Dawit Kumilachew3
  • 1 1 Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. , (Ethiopia)
  • 2 2 Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. , (Ethiopia)
  • 3 3 University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia. , (Ethiopia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of primary care & community health
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/2150132719847857
PMID: 31072253
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

A significant amount of potentially effective and lifesaving medications were wasted at the health facilities due to lack of a system for checking their effectiveness and returning them to the system. To assess the prevalence of unused medications and related consequences in selected health facilities of Awi zone, Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. A facility-based cross-sectional study design supplemented by a qualitative approach was employed. Descriptive data were collected using checklists while interviews were conducted with respective personnel at the health facilities. A total of 4 health facilities were included in the study. During the 1 month of study period, 56 types of medications were found unused at the health facilities. Anti-infective medications were the most commonly unused medications 36.4%. At the in-patient departments of the 4 hospitals, a total of 173 medications were found unused. Similarly, 605 medications were found wasted at the pharmacy stores of those hospitals in the 2009 fiscal year. A significant amount of unused medications were present at the health facilities. Health facilities need to monitor health professionals strictly follow national and international treatment guidelines and monitor the rational use of medications.

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