We report a case of a newborn with unilateral retinal detachment that could not be repaired. At examination under anesthesia, the retina was markedly abnormal and a presumptive diagnosis of retinal dysplasia was made. Several years later, the eye was enucleated because it was blind and painful. Final pathology was consistent with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR). The literature describing unilateral retinal dysplasia is sparse. This case adds to the clinical spectrum of pathologic findings in FEVR.