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Unga (arbets)sökande : En kvalitativ studie av arbetssökande ungdomar. Hur bakgrund och identitet påverkar ungas möjligheter och livsvillkor.

  • Lindell, Karolina
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2008
DiVA - Academic Archive On-line
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Örebro University Department of Social Sciences Sociology and social psychology, Continuation course, 61-90 p. Essay 15 p, Spring -08. Title: ”Youth (work)seekers” Author: Karolina Lindell Abstract This essay focuses on young people’s social background when they apply for their first job. I have interviewed four young people from a small town in Sweden, to see how social background and identity affects their vital conditions in general. I’m interested understanding the relationship between structure and agency. I have used Anthony Giddens and Pierre Bourdieus theory’s about the link between structure and agency and have tried to see the similarities and the differences between the sociologist’s theories. Working class people have been affected in negatives terms by both the quality and quantity of jobs currently available that does not demand a degree from University. Work opportunities for working class people have shifted away from reasonably paid skilled or semi-skilled industrial work to much lower paid service and out-of-reach white-collar work. Young people are the ones who suffer the most from the new conditions in the labour market and the traditional transitions from school to work have started to collapse. It is the working class kids that have the most problems finding work. In the Swedish small town where I did my interviews the industrial and electronic companies have moved their production facilities and the small town suffers from mass unemployment. There is a great difference between what young people wants to work with and what opportunities they have on the job market. Young people without higher education have also a longer time to get a job, and to get their own accommodation, compared to their parent’s generation. The change in conditions for youth people have affected working class kids more negatively than kids from middle class backgrounds. On the other hand have the individualization changed the social class structure. It is difficult for all young people today to get their first job, no matter what social background they have. It is increasingly up to the individual to market herself on the job market and to be interesting for employers.

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