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The Unequal Burden of Self-Reported Musculoskeletal Pains Among South Korean and European Employees Based on Age, Gender, and Employment Status

Authors
  • Bahk, Jinwook1
  • Khang, Young-Ho2
  • Lim, Sinye3, 4
  • 1 Department of Public Health, Keimyung University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
  • 2 Department of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 3 Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 4 Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Type
Published Article
Journal
Safety and Health at Work
Publisher
Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
Publication Date
Oct 24, 2020
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
57–65
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2020.10.007
PMID: 33732530
PMCID: PMC7940136
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

Background The objective of this study was to elucidate the relationships musculoskeletal pains with combined vulnerability in terms of age, gender, and employment status Methods The fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) in 2010 (43,816 participants aged 15 years and over) analyzed for European employees and the third Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS) in 2011 (50,032 participants aged 15 years and older) analyzed for Korean employees. In this study, three well known vulnerable factors to musculoskeletal pains (older age, female gender, and precarious employment status) were combined and defined as combined vulnerability. Associations of musculoskeletal pains with combined vulnerability were assessed with prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) estimated by Poisson regression models with robust estimates of variance. Results The prevalences of musculoskeletal pains were lower but the absolute and relative differences between combined vulnerabilities were higher among Korean employees compared with the European employees. Furthermore, the increased risk of having musculoskeletal pains according to combined vulnerability was modestly explained by socioeconomic factors and exposure to ergonomic risk factors, especially in Republic of Korea. Conclusions The results of this study showed that the labor market may be more unfavorable for female and elderly workers in Republic of Korea. Any prevention strategies to ward off musculoskeletal pains, therefore, should be found and implemented to mitigate or buffer against the most vulnerable work population, older, female, and precarious employment status, in Republic of Korea.

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