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Understanding Social Communication Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder and First-Degree Relatives: A Study of Looking and Speaking.

Authors
  • Lee, Michelle1
  • Nayar, Kritika1
  • Maltman, Nell1
  • Hamburger, Daniel1
  • Martin, Gary E2
  • Gordon, Peter C3
  • Losh, Molly4
  • 1 Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Frances Searle Building, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA. , (France)
  • 2 St. John's University, New York, NY, USA.
  • 3 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
  • 4 Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Frances Searle Building, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA. [email protected] , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2020
Volume
50
Issue
6
Pages
2128–2141
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-019-03969-3
PMID: 30864059
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examined narrative ability in ASD and parents across two contexts differing in structure and emotional content, and explored gaze patterns that may underlie narrative differences by presenting narrative tasks on an eye tracker. Participants included 37 individuals with ASD and 38 controls, 151 parents of individuals with ASD and 63 parent controls. The ASD and ASD parent groups demonstrated lower narrative quality than controls in the less structured narrative task only. Subtler, context-dependent differences emerged in gaze and showed some associations with narrative quality. Results indicate a narrative ability profile that may reflect genetic liability to ASD, and subtle links between visual attention and complex language skills that may be influenced by ASD genetic risk.

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