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Understanding the role of nutrition and wound healing.

Authors
  • Stechmiller, Joyce K1
  • 1 University of Florida College of Nursing, Health Professions, Nursing and Pharmacy Complex, Office 3222, PO Box 100187, Gainesville, FL 32610-0187, USA. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2010
Volume
25
Issue
1
Pages
61–68
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0884533609358997
PMID: 20130158
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Optimal wound healing requires adequate nutrition. Nutrition deficiencies impede the normal processes that allow progression through stages of wound healing. Malnutrition has also been related to decreased wound tensile strength and increased infection rates. Malnourished patients can develop pressure ulcers, infections, and delayed wound healing that result in chronic nonhealing wounds. Chronic wounds are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality for many patients and therefore constitute a serious clinical concern. Because most patients with chronic skin ulcers suffer micronutrient status alterations and malnutrition to some degree, current nutrition therapies are aimed at correcting nutrition deficiencies responsible for delayed wound healing. This review provides current information on nutrition management for simple acute wounds and complex nonhealing wounds and offers some insights into innovative future treatments.

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