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Understanding the influence of left ventricular assist device inflow cannula alignment and the risk of intraventricular thrombosis

Authors
  • Neidlin, Michael1
  • Liao, Sam1, 2, 3, 4
  • Li, Zhiyong4
  • Simpson, Benjamin5
  • Kaye, David M.3
  • Steinseifer, Ulrich1, 2
  • Gregory, Shaun2, 3
  • 1 Helmholtz Institute, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 20, Aachen, 52074, Germany , Aachen (Germany)
  • 2 Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia , Clayton (Australia)
  • 3 Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia , Melbourne (Australia)
  • 4 Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia , Kelvin Grove (Australia)
  • 5 Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK , Nottingham (United Kingdom)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BioMedical Engineering OnLine
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
May 11, 2021
Volume
20
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12938-021-00884-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundAdverse neurological events associated with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have been suspected to be related to thrombosis. This study aimed to understand the risks of thrombosis with variations in the implanted device orientation. A severely dilated pulsatile patient-specific left ventricle, modelled with computational fluid dynamics, was utilised to identify the risk of thrombosis for five cannulation angles. With respect to the inflow cannula axis directed towards the mitral valve, the other angles were 25° and 20° towards the septum and 20° and 30° towards the free wall.ResultsInflow cannula angulation towards the free wall resulted in longer blood residence time within the ventricle, slower ventricular washout and reduced pulsatility indices along the septal wall. Based on the model, the ideal inflow cannula alignment to reduce the risk of thrombosis was angulation towards the mitral valve and up to parallel to the septum, avoiding the premature clearance of incoming blood.ConclusionsThis study indicates the potential effects of inflow cannulation angles and may guide optimised implantation configurations; however, the ideal approach will be influenced by other patient factors and is suspected to change over the course of support.

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