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Understanding bias in relationships between the food environment and diet quality: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study.

Authors
  • Rummo, Pasquale E1, 2
  • Guilkey, David K3, 4
  • Ng, Shu Wen1, 4
  • Meyer, Katie A1, 4
  • Popkin, Barry M1, 4
  • Reis, Jared P5
  • Shikany, James M6
  • Gordon-Larsen, Penny1, 4
  • 1 Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
  • 2 Department of Population Health, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
  • 3 Department of Economics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
  • 4 Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
  • 5 Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
  • 6 Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
71
Issue
12
Pages
1185–1190
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2017-209158
PMID: 28983065
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Ignoring residual confounding may generate biased estimated effects of neighbourhood food outlets on diet outcomes and may have contributed to weak findings in the food environment literature.

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