Abstract : The social structures develop in relation to the spatial aspects that surround them, which are also a product of the interactions of man in space, configuring the mutual influence between these two factors. The spatial aspects considered in this research concern the predominant architectural typologies and the physical-urban arrangement elaborated by certain social groups in the territory they occupy. The social structure, on the other hand, addresses the concept of society, the relations between men, the organization of these relations, language, culture, and finally, their way of living. Thus, the purpose of this dissertation is to analyze how the Kaingang social structure manifests itself in the Architectural Space of the Kondá Village, Chapecó-SC. For this the research was divided into three stages: theoretical approach, case study and discussion and synthesis of the obtained results. The first stage consists of the presentation of the Panorama of Indigenous Peoples in the Latin American scenario, in Brazil and in Santa Catarina, as well as the reference points that lead to research based on the concepts of History and Anthropology, Environmental Psychology and Spatial Syntax. The second stage consists of the case study, where the methodological procedures adopted in the research are applied using the multi-method approach. The third stage seeks to develop, based on the initial theoretical approaches and the case study carried out, a discussion about the relationships found between the social structure of the community and the spatial aspects of the village. The results obtained with this research consist of a panorama of the socio-spatial configuration of Aldeia Kondá from four categories of analysis and reflection: 1) The image of the place presents the relations between the complementarity proposed by the traditional culture Kaingang and how the space of the village Is configured. 2) Physical Arrangement and private public relation, relates spatial aspects with concepts of appropriation, territoriality and privacy. 3) Architecture as identity, evidences the role of form and materials used in buildings in the actions of indigenous protagonism and 4) Socio-spatial behavior that discusses the role of places in human relations. The research highlights the need of professionals who design space to be attentive to the social actions of its users contemplating them in their projects and showing the observed relationship between space and society. Thus, it is necessary to understand social and cultural aspects of specific communities so that more appropriate urban and architectural interventions can be developed.