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Ultrastructural localisation of substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide and somatostatin immunoreactivities in the submucous plexus of guinea pig ileum.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of anatomy
Publication Date
Volume
186 ( Pt 1)
Pages
187–196
Identifiers
PMID: 7544333
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The submucous neurons, especially those related to the lymphatic vessels, together with their associated synapses, were studied ultrastructurally with respect to their immunoreactivities for 3 types of neuropeptides, namely substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and somatostatin (SOM). With the antibodies directed against the 3 types of neuropeptides, a variable number of submucous neurons including those contacting the lymphatic vessels were immunostained. Based on the immunoreactivities and synaptic relations with the submucous neurons contacting the lymphatic vessels, at least 4 types of synaptic relations with the submucous neurons contacting the lymphatic vessels, at least 4 types of synaptic configurations were observed: immunopositive terminals with positive neurons, immunopositive terminals with negative neurons, immunonegative terminals with positive neurons and immunonegative terminals with negative neurons. All 4 types of synaptic configurations were observed in SP and VIP-immunostained specimens, with the exception of type 3 which was not encountered in samples immunoreacted for SOM. When the proportions of all 4 types of peptidergic immunopositive terminals contacting the lymphatic vessel-associated neurons were totalled, the value exceeded 100%, suggesting the coexistence of 2 or more neuropeptides in the same terminals. Furthermore, some immunoreactive axon terminals made direct synaptic contacts with positive neurons suggesting the formation of the so-called 'peptide neuron chain'. It is speculated from this study that the submucous neurons receive multiple peptidergic inputs. The various synaptic contacts would imply a complicated reflex pathway in the submucous plexus.

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