From February 1984 to August 1991 subhepatic abscesses were detected by ultrasound in 7 patients with fever following conventional cholecystectomy. Cholecystectomy had been performed in all these patients 6 to 27 days previously. All patients had received antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of cholecystectomy. Three of the 7 patients were at first afebrile, later on again febrile. In the remaining 4 of the 7 patients antibiotic treatment was continued in the face of persistent fever. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed in all patients. In all of the 7 cases the subhepatic abscesses resolved completely within 10 days to 7 weeks.